What Happens When You Don’t Sleep Well?

what happens when you don't sleep well

Almost all people have experienced episodes of lack of or minimal sleep. Although these episodes are short-lived, some people experience chronic sleep deprivation. Less sleep every night has various harmful effects on your body and mind. It affects your immune system, energy levels, brain function, and sex drive. It can also increase your waistline and cause serious long-term health problems. Sleep deprivation occurs due to stress, school, or job requirements. However, if an underlying cause triggers them, you must visit an urgent care near you for assistance and proper treatment.

What is Sleep Deprivation?

Sleep deprivation can be defined as poor quantity and quality of sleep, which refers to sleeping fewer hours and having sleep disruption or fragmentation. Repetitive short interruptions of sleep characterize sleep fragmentation.

Not enough sleep symptoms can include extreme daytime sleepiness, slowed thinking, mood changes, lack of energy, and worsened memory.

Studies have shown that people who don’t get enough sleep experience an overall decrease in their ability to respond to stimuli and focus.

What Are the Stages of Sleep Deprivation Stages?

Sleep deprivation can be classified into two: acute and chronic. The acute stage is characterized by short-term sleep deprivation, while the chronic stage is prolonged sleep deprivation. Acute sleep deprivation causes impaired coordination, memory, and judgment. It can also result in heart problems, high blood pressure, and hormone imbalances.

What are the Side Effects of Sleep Deprivation?

Lack of sleep can cause several effects on the body, and they include:

  • Temporary mental lapses

Sleep deprivation impairs brain function by disrupting communication between brain cells. This can lead to temporary mental lapses and affect your memory and visual perception. It also impairs cognitive flexibility. This reduces the brain’s ability to adapt to changing conditions and thrive in unpredictable situations. Sleep deprivation also makes it difficult to recognize and process emotions. Moreover, sleep deprivation impairs judgment. For this reason, getting a full night’s sleep is important.

Poor sleep also impairs attention, memory, and focus. This reduces the ability to learn new things, focus, pay attention, and think critically. It also impairs judgment, which means that making a decision becomes more difficult.

In addition to the physical effects, lack of sleep significantly impacts your mental health. It can impair your memory and problem-solving abilities, affect your sex drive and reduce your mood. Furthermore, it can impair your ability to handle stress and make you more prone to depression and other mental illnesses.

  • It affects the vital signs.

In multiple studies, a lack of sleep has been associated with higher blood pressure in the morning. This connection is particularly strong among middle-aged adults and people with high-stress jobs. Chronic sleep deprivation is also associated with a higher risk of coronary heart disease, or CHD.

Insufficient sleep alters the production and release of certain hormones that regulate hunger and fullness. Lack of sleep also reduces the strength of the immune system. This can cause a body to become sicker and more prone to Type 2 diabetes. Additionally, chronic sleep deprivation can affect processes that regulate blood pressure, blood sugar levels, and inflammation control and trigger other problems.

Similarly, poor sleep also affects your heart’s ability to recover. Poor sleep can lead to an uptick in a heartbeat, which is linked to an increased risk of a heart attack. Visit an emergency room in Abilene, TX, for assistance if you notice numbness on one or both arms or shoulders. Insufficient sleep can cause both the NREM and REM sleep stages to become out of balance.

  • It affects your appearance.

Sleepless nights can make you look tired and unattractive, which is never good. They also affect normal skin functions, including collagen production. Acne can also result from lack of sleep, as your skin becomes stressed.

A recent study shows that sleep deprivation can adversely affect how others perceive you. Researchers found that people rated sleep-deprived adults as less healthy and attractive, and they reported a lower willingness to socialize with these individuals.

In addition, sleep-deprived individuals show more drooping eyelids and dark circles under their eyes. They also have paler skin and a higher risk of developing wrinkles and fine lines. Their mouths also show signs of drooping. They may even look tired, depressed, and sad.

Schedule an Appointment 

Visit Express Emergency Room Abilene for more information about sleep deprivation and how you can address the causes.

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