A swollen lip develops over a couple of hours after exposure to a trigger. It is, therefore, possible to have no symptoms when you go to bed and wake up in a different state.
At times the cause of a swollen lip may not be obvious and you will a health assessment to determine the cause and get treatment.
However, more often than not, swelling of the lips could be caused by one or more of these factors:
Allergies are the primary cause of swollen lips. When your body comes in contact with an allergen such as insect bites, milk, peanuts, shellfish, soy or wheat, fluid can accumulate underneath the skin layers and cause the lips to swell.
You may also develop swollen lips when you take hot spices or peppers, and medications like penicillin.
Other allergy symptoms include rashes, itching, coughing or wheezing. In severe reactions, you may develop anaphylaxis or angioedema which is the swelling of face, feet, and other body parts
Anaphylaxis, on the other hand, is a dangerous allergic reaction and should be treated with haste as it can be fatal. Seek emergency care immediately when you notice anaphylaxis symptoms like chest tightness, swelling of the airways, and difficulty breathing.
Anaphylaxis develops in minutes after you come in contact with an allergen. Therefore, if you wake up with a swollen lip, chances are you don’t have anaphylaxis. But, you should still visit an ER in Abilene immediately for an assessment.
Injuries and trauma not only cause swollen lips but could also cause deep cuts. When you get hit, blood will accumulate underneath the affected lip and cause swelling. The injuries can also result in bruises which can lead to bleeding. Minor cuts and injuries of the lip can be managed at home with remedies like a cold compress. However, if the bleeding lasts for long, you need to seek urgent care near you for treatment.
Pimples are tender and small red pumps that can accumulate around the lip and cause it to swell. Herpes infections, cold sores, and blisters around the mouth can also be a cause.
Sometimes spending long hours under the sun without proper protection can cause your lips to crack and swell. Luckily, the sunburns clear up in a few days.
Dental fixtures such as braces cause not only gum soreness but also swelling on the lips a week after they are fixed. Additionally, an infection of the gums and mouth causes inflammation on the mouth and your lips.
Certain chemicals found in cleaning products can cause burns especially in sensitive skin like lips. Minor chemical burns characterized by red and swollen lips can be treated with a cold compress. But, if you develop blisters and breakouts seek medical attention.
The above-mentioned causes affect the entire lip, but at times the swelling may affect only one side. Cysts and injuries are common reasons for this type of injury.
You may also develop other symptoms like drooping, excessive drooling, and trouble speaking which are linked to Bell’s Palsy or stroke. Bell’s palsy is temporary and it causes paralysis in the facial muscles. Though the condition is not life-threatening, you should still seek urgent treatment. Stroke, on the other hand, is dangerous so, call 911 immediately if you notice any of these symptoms.
Several treatment types are available to help you ease the pain and they include:
Swollen lips clear up within 24 hours with home remedies. However, visit our Emergency Room in Abilene if the symptoms persist for more than 24 hours or if it is an allergic reaction.